Synthesis: Modern Evolutionary Synthesis Books LLC

ISBN: 9781156250907

Published: May 31st 2010

Paperback

38 pages


Description

Synthesis: Modern Evolutionary Synthesis  by  Books LLC

Synthesis: Modern Evolutionary Synthesis by Books LLC
May 31st 2010 | Paperback | PDF, EPUB, FB2, DjVu, talking book, mp3, ZIP | 38 pages | ISBN: 9781156250907 | 6.61 Mb

Purchase includes free access to book updates online and a free trial membership in the publishers book club where you can select from more than a million books without charge. Excerpt: AdaptationGenetic driftGene flowMutationNaturalMorePurchase includes free access to book updates online and a free trial membership in the publishers book club where you can select from more than a million books without charge.

Excerpt: AdaptationGenetic driftGene flowMutationNatural selectionSpeciation The modern evolutionary synthesis is also referred to as the new synthesis, the modern synthesis, the evolutionary synthesis and the neo-darwinian synthesis. It is a union of ideas from several biological specialties which provides a widely accepted account of evolution.

The synthesis has been accepted by nearly all working biologists. The synthesis was produced over a decade (19361947). The previous development of population genetics (19181932) was a stimulus, as it showed that Mendelian genetics was consistent with natural selection and gradual evolution. The synthesis is still, to a large extent, the current paradigm in evolutionary biology.

Julian Huxley invented the term, when he produced his book, Evolution: The Modern Synthesis (1942). Other major figures in the modern synthesis include R. A. Fisher, Theodosius Dobzhansky, J.B.S. Haldane, Sewall Wright, E.B. Ford, Ernst Mayr, Bernhard Rensch, Sergei Chetverikov, George Gaylord Simpson, and G.

Ledyard Stebbins. The modern synthesis solved difficulties and confusions caused by the specialisation and poor communication between biologists in the early years of the 20th century. Discoveries of early geneticists were difficult to reconcile with gradual evolution and the mechanism of natural selection.

The synthesis reconciled the two schools of thought, while providing evidence that studies of populations in the field were crucial to evolutionary theory. It drew together ideas from several branches of biology that had become separated, particularly genetics, cytology, systematics, botany, morphology, ecology and paleontology. The modern synthesis bridged the gap between experimental geneticists and naturalists, and between bo...

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